Too much pressure on your feet for extended periods of time can cause the skin to harden to protect itself. This is when corns and calluses in Providence begin to form. The friction typically occurs when something repeatedly comes into contact with part of the foot, and uneven pressure occurs when your body weight is not properly distributed. Both the friction and pressure on your foot are thought to be the result of poor shoe choice–so choose wisely.
What are Corns and Calluses?
Corns and calluses are very similar in how they form: the skin on the foot becomes thick and rough to the touch. The thickened skin eventually becomes dead tissue, and the layer underneath becomes irritated. This irritation causes pain when pressure is applied to the affected area. However, corns and calluses do form in different areas of the foot: corns are found on the toes, while calluses form on the bottom of the foot.
Causes of Corns and Calluses
While there might not be just one cause of corns and calluses in Providence, poor shoe choice appears to be the main reason this condition develops. Some examples of ill-fitting shoes include the following:
- Shoes that are too tight or pinch the toes
- High-heeled shoes that unevenly distribute weight
- Shoes that are too loose and do not fit properly
- Shoes that do not provide proper arch support
In addition to poor shoe choice, there are other foot conditions that contribute to the development of corns and calluses—like hammertoe. Those who have foot deformities may also be at a higher risk of developing corns and calluses.
Diagnosis and Treatment
Following a physical examination of the foot, Dr. Segal, our Providence, RI podiatrist, will be able to diagnose your condition. Typically, the simple act of changing your shoes and being more mindful of how shoe choice affects your feet can usually clear up and prevent mild corns and calluses.
Our foot doctor in Providence, Dr. Segal, may also recommend the following home remedies to eliminate mild corns and calluses:
- Padding: To protect the area where the corn is located, you can use small pads that shield the area from friction.
- Massage: Rubbing corns and calluses following a shower with a pumice stone or a callus file to eliminate the thickened skin.
If larger in size, Dr. Segal might need to surgically reduce the corns and calluses in Providence. Dr. Segal will use a blade to carefully shave away the thickened or dead skin—similar to how a pumice stone works, but much more effective. The procedure is painless and is usually completed on an outpatient basis. A cortisone injection may also be used to reduce pain caused by corns or calluses in Providence.
Contact Dr. Segal, our foot doctor in Providence, RI, to learn more about corns and calluses, and what treatment options are available.